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Northeastern Realty LLC (NMLS #2179146) is an FHA Approved Mortgage and Real Estate Broker providing FHA, VA, USDA, 203K, Conventional, Jumbo, Streamline Refi, and Reverse Loans.
Figuring out what you can afford is very important in the homebuying process because you don’t want to go beyond your means. Using the affordability calculator below can give you a rough estimate of what you can afford based on your monthly rent payment.
It depends on your household income, monthly debt payments, and the amount of money you can put toward a down payment. Our mortgage affordability calculator above can help determine a comfortable mortgage payment for you.
A good rule of thumb is that your total mortgage should be no more than 28% of your pre-tax monthly income. You can find this by multiplying your income by 28, then dividing that by 100.
For example, let’s say your pre-tax monthly income is $5,000. Your maximum monthly mortgage payment would then be $1,400: $5,000 x 28 = $140,000. $140,000 ÷ 100 = $1,400
An FHA loan is a mortgage issued by an FHA-approved lender and insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). Designed for low-to-moderate-income borrowers, FHA loans require a lower minimum down payment (as low as 3.5%) and credit score than many conventional loans.
With a VA loan you’re not required to make a down payment, and you don’t have to pay PMI.
The 28 part of the rule is that you shouldn’t spend more than 28% of your pre-tax monthly income on home-related expenses. The 36 part is that you shouldn’t spend more than 36% of your income on monthly debt payments, including your mortgage, credit cards, and other loans such as auto and student loans.
It’s a good rule of thumb to start with, but it’s also important to consider your entire financial picture when evaluating home-related expenses.
When gauging home affordability, consider the following factors:
– Monthly income
– Your available funds for a down payment and closing costs
– Your monthly debts and expenses
The following will help your chances of getting a lower interest rate:
– Good credit score
– Strong employment history (at least 2 years of work with no gaps)
– As much savings as possible for a down payment. If you make a down payment of at least 20% of your home’s value, you won’t need to pay PMI.
– Consider different types of mortgages. For example, if you can afford higher monthly payments, a 15-year fixed mortgage term will have lower interest rates.
– Shop different lenders to compare rates
If you make a down payment of at least 20% of your home’s purchase price, you won’t need to pay PMI.
Depending on the mortgage, down payments lower than 20% are acceptable, and can go as low as 3% in some cases, but you’ll have to pay PMI in addition to your mortgage.
As a general rule of thumb, you should always have 3 months’ worth of living expenses on hand, including mortgage, in the event of an unexpected circumstance.
It’s also advised to consider other home-buying expenses such as closing costs.
It’s wise to purchase a home below your budget, because you’ll have more money left over each month for savings or other expenses.
There are a few reasons why it may be wise to wait to purchase a home:
– More time to save for a down payment
– Build up your emergency fund
– Build credit score
– Wait for better market conditions (lower interest rates, better home prices if market is declining)
Improving your debt to income ratio means lowering the percentage. Paying off your debts such as loans and credit cards, and increasing your income will help you achieve this.
Calculate your monthly debt by adding up all of your monthly minimum payments toward loans and credit cards.
Closing costs are generally between 2% and 5% of your home’s purchase price.
A credit score is a number assigned to you to represent your creditworthiness. Lenders use it to determine how likely you are to make on-time payments on your loans.
Different credit scoring models calculate credit scores based on a variety of factors. Mint utilizes the VantageScore model, which measures credit on a scale ranging from 300 to 850. Your VantageScore is determined by six factors:
– Payment history
– Age and types of credit
– Credit utilization
– Total balances and debt
– Recent credit inquiries
– Available credit
While there’s no single way to define a good credit score or bad credit score, VantageScore does provide guidance on grading score on a scale of A to F:
– Grade A: 781 – 850
– Grade B: 720 – 780
– Grade C: 658 – 719
– Grade D: 601 – 657
– Grade F: 300 – 600
The mortgage & payment information provided is for purposes of general consumer education only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from a qualified mortgage professional. We can not and do not guarantee the accuracy or the applicability of this information to your circumstances.